Skip to main content

How does one get the time difference between two date columns?

Oracle allows two date values to be subtracted from each other returning a numeric value indicating the number of days between the two dates (may be a fraction). This example will show how to relate it back to a time value.
Let's investigate some solutions. Test data:
SQL> CREATE TABLE dates (date1 DATE, date2 DATE);
Table created.
SQL>
SQL> INSERT INTO dates VALUES (SYSDATE, SYSDATE-1);
1 row created.
SQL> INSERT INTO dates VALUES (SYSDATE, SYSDATE-1/24);
1 row created.
SQL> INSERT INTO dates VALUES (SYSDATE, SYSDATE-1/60/24);
1 row created.
SQL> SELECT (date1 - date2) FROM dates;
DATE1-DATE2
-----------
          1
 .041666667
 .000694444
Solution 1
SQL> SELECT floor(((date1-date2)*24*60*60)/3600)
  2         || ' HOURS ' ||
  3         floor((((date1-date2)*24*60*60) -
  4         floor(((date1-date2)*24*60*60)/3600)*3600)/60)
  5         || ' MINUTES ' ||
  6         round((((date1-date2)*24*60*60) -
  7         floor(((date1-date2)*24*60*60)/3600)*3600 -
  8         (floor((((date1-date2)*24*60*60) -
  9         floor(((date1-date2)*24*60*60)/3600)*3600)/60)*60) ))
 10         || ' SECS ' time_difference
 11    FROM dates;
TIME_DIFFERENCE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
24 HOURS 0 MINUTES 0 SECS
1 HOURS 0 MINUTES 0 SECS
0 HOURS 1 MINUTES 0 SECS
Solution 2
If you don't want to go through the floor and ceiling maths, try this method:
SQL> SELECT to_number( to_char(to_date('1','J') +
  2         (date1 - date2), 'J') - 1)  days,
  3         to_char(to_date('00:00:00','HH24:MI:SS') +
  4         (date1 - date2), 'HH24:MI:SS') time
  5   FROM dates;
      DAYS TIME
---------- --------
         1 00:00:00
         0 01:00:00
         0 00:01:00
Solution 3
Here is a simpler method:
SQL> SELECT trunc(date1-date2) days,
  2     to_char(trunc(sysdate) + (date1 - date2), 'HH24 "Hours" MI "Minutes" SS "Seconds"') time
  3   FROM dates;
      DAYS TIME
---------- ------------------------------
         1 00 Hours 00 Minutes 00 Seconds
         0 01 Hours 00 Minutes 00 Seconds
         0 00 Hours 01 Minutes 00 Seconds

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Stretch a row if data overflows in jasper reports

It is very common that some columns of the report need to stretch to show all the content in that column. But  if you just specify the property " stretch with overflow' to that column(we called text field in jasper report world) , it will just stretch that column and won't change other columns, so the row could be ridiculous. Haven't find the solution from internet yet. So I just review the properties in iReport one by one and find two useful properties(the bold highlighted in example below) which resolve the problems.   example:
<band height="20" splitType="Stretch"> <textField isStretchWithOverflow="true" pattern="" isBlankWhenNull="true"> <reportElement stretchType="RelativeToTallestObject" mode="Opaque" x="192" y="0" width="183" height="20"/> <box leftPadding="2"> <pen lineWidth="0.25"/> …

JasperReports - Configuration Reference

Spring - Operations with jdbcTemplate

This class manages all the database communication and exception handling using a java.sql.Connection that is obtained from the provided DataSource. JdbcTemplate is a stateless and threadsafe class and you can safely instantiate a single instance to be used for each DAO.


Use of Callback Methods
JdbcTemplate is based on a template style of programming common to many other parts of Spring. Some method calls are handled entirely by the JdbcTemplate, while others require the calling class to provide callback methods that contain the implementation for parts of the JDBC workflow. This is another form of Inversion of Control. Your application code hands over the responsibility of managing the database access to the template class. The template class in turn calls back to your application code when it needs some detail processing filled in. These callback methods are allowed to throw a java.sql.SQLException, since the framework will be able to catch this exception and use its built-in excepti…