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Learning iBATIS - understanding iBATIS

iBATIS is a hybrid solution. It takes the best ideas from other solutions and creates synergy between them.

It takes SQL out of the source code and into a place where we can work with it more naturally,we need to link it back to the software so that it can be executed in a way that is useful.

iBATIS uses Extensible Markup Language(XML) to encapsulate SQL. Using XML< iBATIS maps the inputs and outputs of the statement. Most SQL statements have one or more parameters and produce some sort of tabulated results. That is, results are organized into a series of columns and rows. iBATIS allows you to easily map both parameters and results to properties of objects. Consider the next example:

  <select id="categoryById" parameterClass="string" resultClass="category">
      SELECT CATEGORYID, NAME, DESCRIPTION
      FROM CATEGORY
      WHERE CATEGORYID = #categoryId#
  </select>

Notice the XML element surrounding the SQL. This is the encapsulation of the SQL. The simple <select> element defines the name of the statement, the parameter input type, and the resulting output type. To an object-oriented software developer, this is much like a method signature.

Both simplificity and consistency are achieved through externalizing and encapsulating the SQL.

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